Web Hosting Guide For Beginners
Whenever someone enters in the online world, he must come through some terms like “web hosting” “domain”. After hearing these words a lot of questions arises in mind. To answer those questions here is a detail beginner web hosting guide.
What is web hosting?
It is the physical destination of your website on the Internet. You may consider it as a house for your website. It is an online storage center that stores information like images, video, and other content that comprises your website.
Web hosting service providers always maintain the servers where the data of your website stores. They also manage the technology inside the server that makes your website connect to the Internet.
Means all your file is stored and runs on a server for 24*7. So that your website can run continuously.
How do web hosting works?
To say clearly, your actual website is nothing but a bunch of files. The file includes HTML files, CSS files (stylesheets), images, Audio, Videos etc. All of these files need to be stored in a location so that it always connected to the Internet.
That storing place is known as “server”. As the name suggests it serves up your website files when someone comes to visit your website. When you pay to a company to host your files on their web server, you’re just buying hosting. The company server will host your website on their servers.
So now, we have it all set up. Whenever someone types the domain name into the web browser the server serves the hosted file to the user.
Web hosting vs data centre: Are they the same?
Many people consider the web hosting and data centre is the same thing. Do you think so?
Actually, they are different things.
The term “web hosting” actually refers to the server that hosts your website. You have paid the hosting company to rent their server space.
The data centre is a different thing from web hosting. It is a house of servers facility. A data centre could be a house or a very large building. One data centre may contain hundreds of servers. It is a very sophisticated place.
Types of web hosting
There are many types of hosting are there. The most common type of hosting is shared, VPS, dedicated and cloud hosting.
Shared hosting is exactly what it sounds like. In a shared hosting package, your website is located on the same server with a bunch of other websites.
It is extremely cheap compared to another type of hosting. So it is widely accepted among the entry-level website owners.
VPS (Virtual Private Server) hosting
VPS server is considered as the next level of shared hosting. A VPS server is still in a shared environment, but the server set up is very dissimilar.
VPS divides one physical server into multiple, separate virtual machines.
This is something like a shared hosting and dedicated server. Website owners who can’t afford a real dedicated server, they may go with this hosting.
Dedicated server hosting
AS the name already suggests, dedicated hosting simply means you have a server all for yourself. You need to rent an entire server. Your website will run in a full server.
It is expensive and who need maximum control on the server and maximum performance can go with this hosting.
Cloud hosting is more or less the same as VPS hosting in that you also have your website on a virtual machine.
However, instead of one physical server, your website is part of a whole network of computers. It can pull all the necessary power dynamically.
The biggest advantage in this type of hosting is, your site will never run down for serer. In other hosting, if your server down for any resign, then your website will down. But in cloud hosting your website will host dynamically in different servers. If one server downs then it pulls the resources from other servers.
Understanding domain names and extensions
Domain names are some easy-to-remember words which can use to communicate to a DNS server the website we want to visit. The Domain Name System (DNS) is what translates the friendly name to an IP address.
The domain name system gives every server a memorable and easy-to-spell address, such as wikipedia.org. It is very difficult to remember the IP address of each website.
A domain extension provides some additional information about the domain name. This list of Internet top-level domain (TLD) extensions always contains top-level domains.
Examples of some TLD include .com, .org, .info, .uk, .ws, .co.jp, .com.sg, .tv, .edu, .co, .com.my, .mobi etc. The most famous and widely known domain extension is .com.
TLD is the domains are considered as the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System (DNS) of the Internet.
The official list of all the top-level domains is maintained and regulated by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) at the Root Zone Database. You can find all the top-level domains in the Root Zone Database.
Domain vs sub-domain
Domain names are unique throughout the internet and must be registered with a domain registrar (Ex. GoDaddy). Subdomains are an add-on to the existing domain as long as your web host provides the service. These are the simple “subfolders” under the main domain root directory. The website uses this sub-domain for different languages contents or for different regions.
Why a domain name costs money?
Many people have this doubt. First, you have to clear your thoughts that you pay money as a rent of domain. You can’t buy the domain. If you will stop paying for the services for a long time, then it will be not in your control and possible to take another user.
Domain names are like an online real estate. If you want to own a domain name of your own, then you need to register it with an ICANN accredited registrar.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers commonly known as ICANN is a non-profit organization. It is responsible for coordinating the procedures and maintenance of several databases related to the namespaces and numerical spaces of the Internet. This organization always ensures the network’s stable and secure operation.
They claim a registration fee which includes very high TLD registration price to registrar along with ICANN fees. The ICANN fee is $0.18 per year. The registrar has to pay taxes to the Government for running a business on the Internet.
So mixing these things, we have to pay for the domain name.
How to choose a good domain name?
To say in the one-word domain name is your identity online. People will know you through your domain name. So before giving any name to your domain just think about this point.
What makes a good hosting company?
There is no single factor that can make a hosting company as the best. Consider these factors when you are going to choose a web host.
Price, features, server performance, customer support, and server physical locations are some key factors.
So that’s it. This is a basic web hosting guide for beginners. I think you have got all the answers to your queries.